Endless Blue – Week 08 – Buoyancy   3 comments

Physics

Buoyancy

Every child knows things either sink or float, but day-to-day existence in the oceans of Elqua requires a character to be able to maintain his level in the water.  Bedding down on ocean floor is of little use if when you sleep during the night you wake up to find you’ve risen to the surface as you slumbered.  Just as a hot-air balloon can maintain its altitude in the atmosphere, aquatic creatures can do much the same under water.

A body normally displaces water, and that water presses inward trying to refill that space. That produces an upward pressure that pushes a body to the surface and makes it float.  This is buoyancy.  Increasing a body’s buoyancy results in it rising to the surface, just as decreasing it causes the same body to sink.  The further down in the depths of the ocean you go, the greater the forces push a less dense body upward, so the greater effort needs to be spent to overcome buoyancy.  A body’s floating point is the depth at which it’s no longer floats upward or sinks downward due to autonomic processes in the body.  In the Endless Blue setting, this point is usually categorized by whatever zone of water constitutes the creature native habitat – the Shore, the Shoals, or the Shelf.

A creature’s buoyancy does not prevent it from rising higher or diving deeper, just that it takes active effort swimming to overcome the natural inclination to return to their neutral floating point.  It is a move-equivalent action to maintain attitude at a water level different than the character’s buoyancy point.

Below the Waves
Buoyancy is achieved in Pisceans with a several redundant systems.  As a rule of thumb, the primary means is how aquatic life forms evolved their morphology to posses a lesser density than the water surround them, thus producing an intrinsic higher buoyancy to aid their locomotion and survival under water.  As a result, a dead piscean will automatically rise to the surface unless it is weighted down (several burial customs involve wrapping a corpse in their belongings or even rocks and seaweed to cause it to sink down).  Conversely, terrestrial and avian life have a lower buoyancy, and so will sink toward the ocean floor when killed – though they rarely reach significant depths before predators and scavengers devour the sinking meal.

The second process is via an organ called the swim bladder, which functions by diffusing or infusing gasses from oils and lipids in the expandable sac.  Because these infused oils are not compressible from ocean pressure, the swim bladder helps regulate the buoyancy by exuding more gases (which are compressible) to sink and reabsorb them to return to their neutral buoyancy point.  Creatures able to adjust their own swim bladders consciously may do so once per round for free as part of a move action instead of at the normal cost of their movement. This can only be accomplished when the creature is either unencumbered or lightly encumbered.

The final method is by the pelvic fins located at the socket-like notch called the acetabulum on each side of the pelvic bone, like the hips of terrestrial creature.  These webbed fins act like the wings of a bird, inducing dynamic lift.  Flexing of the spines changes the shape of the fins, allowing the creature to travel deeper.

Not all creatures are built for all depths.  While the Ceph can survive at any level, many creatures from the Shore would be crushed instantly in the dark trenches of the Shelf, just as a jellyfish native to the Shelf that has lived all it’s existence under the extreme pressures of the on the ocean floor would rupture outward from its internal fluids pressing outward and die were it marooned along the Shore.

A creature can voluntarily release its buoyancy to neutral, essentially becoming weightless.  This results in immediate movement as physics and gravity try to push the individual to the surface.  These creatures move their full movement (they cannot move less) directly upward until they readjust their buoyancy (by either a move action or for free as part of one) and cease their ascent.  They may then move normally.

The danger with this movement is a condition called “the pull”, or decompression sickness.  Early Elquans believed the pull to be a curse by the evil aberrations above the waves to claim more souls.  Usually the victim would die and the body’s natural buoyancy would cause it to rise to the surface (where it would become fodder for predators instead of sinking all the fathoms towards union with the gods.  Myth aside, every body is under pressure in the depths of Elqua’s oceans, and as a result of this pressure certain gasses are harmlessly dissolved and dispersed throughout their body’s fluids.  As an individual rises, the pressure eases and the dispersed elements coagulate back into gases.  Rising too quickly results in the gasses forming more quickly than the body’s normal means of eliminating them.

The Pull

Individuals can always rise a number of feet per round equal to their Constitution score without a risk of incurring the pull.  Moving greater than that requires a Fortitude save each round of moving so to avoid becoming incapacitated and helpless.  The DC for this is a base save of 15 for the first round, with and cumulative penalty of +2 for every successive round spent rising via positive buoyancy.  If a creature moves more than its Fortitude score in feet, it takes an additional penalty of +2 when moving its full rate, or a +5 if performing more than a single move action.

Rise up to Fortitude score in feet                           No penalty
Move over Fortitude in a single move                    +2
Move over Fortitude in a full round action             +5
Each round rising beyond Fortitude score             +2 cumulative

Failing such a Fortitude save results in immediate spasms and wracking pain.  The victim of the pull becomes disabled and begins taking 1 point of temporary Constitution damage per round he continues to rise.  Should the creature’s buoyancy become neutral and he stops rising, the Constitution damage stops accruing.  The Constitution damage can be restored at a rate of 1 point per day spent at a lower depth, and the victim is allowed a new Fortitude save each of those days at a flat DC 15 to remove the disabled status.

Above the Surface

For native creatures, survival above the life-giving waves of Elqua is not unlike survival underwater for air-breathers.  An aquatic creature essentially holds their breath on the surface to avoid asphyxiation.  The muscles of the gill-slits press the flap down and seal the organ so gravity cannot cause the water to spill out, preventing speech but keeping water already in the lungs around the oxygen-extracting gills.

A creature can hold their breath for a number of rounds equal to twice their Constitution score.  After that period expires, the creature must make a Constitution check (DC 10) to subsume their semi-autonomic breathing reflex, with a cumulative +1 each subsequent round.  Failure is a little more torturous for an aquatic than a terrestrial, resulting instead with the creature passing out, becoming helpless, and automatically taking 1 point of permanent ability score damage to all abilities (Constitution, Strength, Dexterity, Intelligence, Wisdom, and Charisma) each round until they are submerged under water again.  Should any one of those abilities reach 0 before re-submergence happens, the creature dies.

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